Stroke terminology for beginners is a great start in helping someone who suffered a stroke. Understanding of what’s going on with a stroke victim starts in knowing usual words such as:
• atherosclerosis – clots in the blood are formed from fat deposits that have accumulated into the wall of arteries, causing the wall to thicken, harden, and be brittle
• aneurysm – is a weak or thin spot in an arterial wall that was stretched or had ballooned out from the wall and filled with blood
• anticoagulants – are substances that avoid or prevent the blood from clotting
• atrial fibrillation – also known as irregular heart beats
• brain attack / stroke – a condition resulting from the lack of oxygen supplied to the blood either through a clot in the arteries or to a rupture of a blood cell
• FAST (Face, Arms, Speech, Time) – Used in emergency situations to determine if a patient is suffering a stroke thru numbness of the face and arms and blurred speech over a sudden period of time
• hemiparesis – weakening of one side of the body due to stroke
• hemiplegia – paralysis of one side of the body due to stroke
• hemorrhagic stroke – a rupture of blood cell occurs in the brain causing bleeding into or around the brain
• high density lipoprotein (HDL) / good cholesterol – a compound of lipid and protein produced by the liver to carry a small percentage of cholesterol in the blood and deposits it in the liver
• hypertension / high blood pressure – persistent arterial blood pressure of greater than or equal to 140 mm/Hg systolic pressure over 90 mm/Hg diastolic pressure.
• infarct – an area of tissue that is dead or is dying due to the loss of blood supply during a stroke
• ischemic stroke – stroke involves the loss of blood flow to the tissues in the brain due to an obstruction of the blood vessel out of formed plaque or blood clots
• low density lipoprotein (LDL) / bad cholesterol – a compound produced by the liver to carry a large percentage of cholesterol in the blood, deposit it in the liver, and transport fat to the heart, muscles, and other tissues
• stroke unit – is a certified facility capable of handling emergency cases and treatment of stroke for the first 24 hours onwards
• stroke rehabilitation – is the process of helping a stroke victim regain the control of his faculties in as much normal a state as possible so he can return to what he normally does before the stroke
• transient ischemic attack (TIA) – a mini-stroke; lasts from minutes to 24 hours due to a brief interruption of blood supply to the brain
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Stroke terminology for beginners touches on the common words family members or friends often hear when a loved one suffers a stroke that’s beneficial in caring for the stroke patient.
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