Families can expect expert guidance from the physician team at the hospital with specialists in physical and occupational therapy providing customized plans. However with stroke or tbi and some brain injuries, live at home can be certainly changed as well as he lives and planning of families.
Despite rehabilitation efforts, many people do not regain full strength, balance and independence. After therapy services have been discontinued, it is essential that people continue exercising on their own. Exercises that one can expect as options listed , described here as proven over time provide beneficial returns for the effort given.
Land exercise: There are many limitations that should be addressed through exercise for optimal mobility and pain relief. It is important to keep full range of motion in the affected limb or limbs. For many people, spasticity limits how well a joint can fully bend or straighten. Active range of motion exercises are those in which the individual moves the arm fully straight and then fully bent. These simple exercises keep the joints limber and moving.
Strengthening exercises – It is also important to keep up with strengthening exercises. Strengthening exercises should be done for the entire body, not only the affected limb. The unaffected side of the body needs to compensate for weakness on the involved side. Therefore, both sides of the body need strengthening to support functional movement.
Balance training should be performed in a safe environment, such as with a caregiver or loved one. This is because people that have hemiparesis have a higher risk of falling and injury. To challenge balance, sit or stand without any upper body support. Then, practice standing with feet together and reaching forward. It is important to have a counter or chair available for purposes of grabbing to avoid falling.
Cardiovascular exercise should be incorporated to promote healthy heart and lung function. Unfortunately, for many people with hemiparesis, endurance is low and the heart and lungs do not tolerate a lot of activity. Walking, cycling, and other cardiovascular machines are great ways to improve endurance. The NuStep is a seated stepping machine that incorporates arm and leg movement and is an excellent and safe option for individuals with hemiparesis.
Aquatic exercise: Exercising in water is an excellent way to improve strength, endurance and flexibility. By choosing the right pool, you can exercise while reducing joint pain as well. Warm water pools promote improved muscular flexibility, while cool water pools help reduce swelling or edema in limbs. Water has properties of buoyancy and resistance, which can be used to build muscle and alleviate pain.
The buoyancy of water allows for joint decompression while submerged. The water buoyancy supports your limbs in a way that is not experienced while on land. It is as if there is an artificial brace around your joints or spine. This is excellent for individuals that have joint pain after onset of hemiparesis. Because of the buoyancy of water, most people have little pain while exercising in the pool. This phenomenon allows people to more fully participate in the exercise to improve cardiovascular endurance and muscle strength.
Water also resists movement. Resistance allows people to perform strength training in the water. When a limb is moved up and down or back and forth under the water, it must fight against the water’s resistance. This strengthens the musculature. Greater resistance is elicited by using a broad paddle or board and pushing it through the water. Moving the limbs quickly also increases the resistance and engages abdominal strengthening.
Walking in water is a great form of exercise, as it simulates walking on land, but in a supportive medium. Traditional swimming ( or adapted with assistive devices) is excellent for building cardiovascular endurance. Stretching in a warm water pool, promotes improved muscle flexibility and allows for stretching of tight joints. Many aquatic centers have classes that are meant for individuals with hemiparesis, which may be a terrific way to start getting into aquatic exercise.
Brain Training –
Cognitive problems can be similar after a stroke or a head injury. Common traits as brain fog, the inability to follow conversations, memory issues, comprehension even in short term reading and not being able to recall what one just read.
Not all people develop the same symptoms, but common symptoms depending on severity of injury can include confusion, headaches, irritability, nausea, blurred vision, difficulties with body balance, fatigue, slurred speech, light-headedness, noise or light sensitivity, lack of concentration, memory disturbances, sleep disturbances, alterations in your normal sense of taste and ringing in your ears.
. Part of the goal at the early stage in rehabilitation is continued restoration of your previous skills and abilities. However, not all brain injury patients can regain normal function, and another goal of rehabilitation is teaching you how to adjust and adapt in the face of permanent changes in your physical and/or mental skill set.
Experts have proven that the brain is able to keep learning and changing regardless of its age. This means that what you have done up to this point, you can make your brains activity better than ever.
Signs that may likely occur to different degrees as finding it difficult to pay attention to things going on around oneself. Also reading or listening to information and then being unable to recall any of the details when finished. The brain is having difficulty staying focused on what you’re doing.
By engaging in a variety of exercises for your brain you will learn to focus your attention. This is a very valuable skill that will be used in all aspects of your life. It can be hard when you begin, as some become frustrated and quit. Keep reminding yourself of what will be accomplished once you’ve cleared the hurdles standing in your way.
As you work on exercising your brain you will start to see an improvement in your processing speed. You will find that you are completing certain tasks more quickly. You will start to comprehend things you have read the first time and will no longer have to read everything two or three times. Things that caused you to struggle in the past will start to be very clear; it will feel like someone has flipped a switch inside you.
It is very important to exercise your brain so that you will be able to keep these benefits. If you don’t want to lose the skills you have, you will have to keep them sharp. Make it a priority to continue learning all the things in the world as you grow older. If there are things you want to explore, make a list of them. Discover ways to learn these things while exercising your brain and you will get twice the benefits from your efforts.
Before long, you will start to notice some very significant changes to your thought process. You will process information more quickly, remember more, and you will have no problem focusing your attention where you need to. Your life will become more enjoyable no matter what you take part in.
Now that you about the incredible benefits of exercising your brain, find some activities to take part in that will keep your mind healthy. You can do many of them alone at home or play games online. There are many that you can do with someone else too. The key is to find plenty of brain exercises that you find intriguing. Then make a commitment to do them often.
Helping families and loved ones understand care after a stroke or brain injury and assisting the injured in rehabilitation and safety is a passion of the author , Leon Edward who has spent over three decades successfully living with effects as hemiparesis after traumatic brain injury being shot in the head and neck.
Review a copy of author’s Kindle ebook,Hemiparesis Living After Stroke or TBI, Understanding and Care: Focus on Safety and Home Care , Rehabilitation for living with : One Side Partial Paralysis or Muscle Weakness, Footdrop or Spasticity … , Rehabilitation exercises,, Hemiparesis Living on Amazon , Click Here .
At his brain injury and stroke living tips and rehabilitation website for click here for Hemiparesis Living Tips . He presents articles. free resources, Checklists and tips from well known professionals and authors in the field plus blogs on his own experiences with over 30 years living and working with hemiparesis after being shot in his head and neck.
Also At his Mind Brain Health and improvement website, he offers all tips, techniques, to improve focus and concentration, ways to remember better and increase our memory skills, techniques to focus better and read faster, resources to optimize your brain power, use all of your intellect and even increase your IQ including brain software and audio training. visit,